Contemporary History

The Doctoral Program in Contemporary and Comparative History (The post-1914 period)

The program’s past

Until 2015, doctoral students working on twentieth-century history attained their degrees in the Doctoral School’s Modern History Program. At that point the program split in two. Ever since doctoral students carrying out research on the past century, as well as students using comparative methodology, have worked in a separate, specialized program. This change has enabled deeper, more significant research, and has made it possible to react more effectively to students’ individual needs.

The program today

Research on contemporary history – by which we mean the post-1914 period, in accordance with the historiographical traditions of Central Europe – is a unique, and fully institutionalized sphere of Hungarian and international history. Besides scholars, the public has also shown great interest in twentieth-century history, and this interest has only grown as time has passed. There are a variety of yet to be clarified, but heavily debated periods and problems related to twentieth-century history in Hungary – issues that are important for social cohesion, the development of national identity, or even the successful integration of Hungarian society into the broader European environment – which need more modern, professional attention.

Over the past three decades, research into the Twentieth Century has gone through great changes in Hungary, which have been favorable to its development. While there have been some negative phenomena – such as political attempts to intervene in scientific research – the overall direction of these changes has been positive: access to sources on modern history has been expanded, most research has become more professional, and historical narrative has adopted important international trends.

Writing on contemporary international history was for long dominated by political history, but this has become less and less the case. In accordance, contemporary history – though it does have its own methodology – is defined chronologically in this doctoral school rather than as a methodological or thematic direction. The program accepts doctoral students dealing with the period from the First World War to our days, or rather with individual periods within this longer time, and not merely in political history, but in social and economic history, as well as the history of ideas and other fields.

In addition to research on contemporary history, the program focuses on historical comparison, and accordingly we encourage doctoral students to use comparative methodologies. Comparison is an important tool of contemporary history writing: among its other advantages, it enables researchers to examine numerous issues in less ethnocentric ways. The use of comparisons strengthens theoretical underpinnings, and balances approaches that would otherwise be of an overly descriptive nature. Additionally, comparisons can play a great role in the correction of ideological descriptions, which are particularly faulty in contemporary history. Experience demonstrates that comparative research demands, and also evokes international collaboration, through which Hungarian historical narrative’s international embeddedness is increased, and this has a positive effect on its quality.

Accordingly the program encourages applications from doctoral students who – after discussion with their supervisor – wish to deal with twentieth-century Hungarian and world history from a variety of perspectives and methodologies, and furthermore will accept more experienced colleagues who want to improve their professional skills through individualized effort leading to a degree. The program attempts to offer students broad theoretical and methodological preparation, while offering space for individual research through a selection of courses. In addition to colleagues from Szeged, other Hungarian and international experts offer courses and supervision.

Courses offered

The secretary of the program

Dr. Ágnes Tamás
E-mail: tagnes83@yahoo.com 

Program Instructors

Dr. Nándor Bárdi
Dr. habil. Péter Bencsik
Dr. Melinda Kalmár
Prof. László Karsai DSc, professor emeritus
Dr. Linda Margittai
Dr. habil. Judit Molnár
Dr. habil. Judit Pihurik
Prof. Éva Standeisky DSc
Dr. Ágnes Tamás

Prof. Béla Tomka
Dr. habil. Péter László Vukman

Thesis Supervisors and Topics

Dr. Nándor Bárdi
The History of Hungarians in Romania
Hungarian Governments’ Ethnic Minority Policies
Biographies of Hungarian Minority Politicians

Dr. habil. Péter Bencsik
The History of Czechoslovakia in the Twentieth Century

Dr. Péter Ákos Fervagner
Political Parties and Movements in the Arab World
The History of the Near East and North Africa in the Twentieth Century
Great Power Politics in the Mediterranean Region

Dr. Zsolt Giczi
Kuno Klebelsberg’s Work

Dr. Melinda Kalmár
The History of Soviet-type Regimes

Prof. László Karsai DSc, professor emeritus
Extreme Right-wing Parties and Movements in Europe and Hungary in the Twentieth Century
Genocides in the Twentieth Century in Europe, Asia and Africa
The Holocaust in Hungary and Europe

Dr. Gábor Ferenc Kiss
War and its Infrastructure: Armed Forces, the Economy and Society in the Twentieth Century

Dr. habil. Judit Molnár
The Holocaust in Hungary

Dr. habil. Judit Pihurik
The History of Hungary, 1920–1945

Dr. Béla Révész
The History of the Regime Change in Hungary

Dr. Ágnes Tamás
History of the Hungarian Press, pre-1945 period

Prof. Béla Tomka
The Contemporary History of Europe and Hungary (1914-today)
The History of European Integration
Twentieth-century Hungarian and European Social and Economic History
International Comparisons (Twentieth Century)

Dr. habil. Péter László Vukman
The History of the Balkan Peninsula in the Twentieth Century

Doctorates Conferred to Date

(Name, title of thesis, supervisor, year doctorate was conferred)

Balázs Valastyán
Földbirtok- és telepítéspolitika a Magyarországhoz visszacsatolt Bácskában, 1941–1944 / Hungarian Estate and -Settlement Policy in Reannexed Bácska (1941-1944)
Prof. Enikő A. Sajti DSc, professor emerita
2019

Linda Margittai
„Zsidókérdés a Délvidéken, 1941-1944 / The “Jewish Question” in the Southlands 1941-1944
Dr. habil Judit Molnár
2019

Lukács Krajcsir
A csehszlovák-egyiptomi fegyvervásárlási szerződés és hatása a nemzetközi kapcsolatokra 1955-1961 / The Czechoslovak-Egyptian Arms Deal and its Impact on International Relations 1955-1961
Prof. László J. Nagy Dsc, professor emeritus
2018

Krisztina Nemes
Történelem és emlékezet a Mequinensa mítoszban. A folyók városa című Jesús Moncada regény történelemképe / History and Memory in the Myth of Mequinensa. History reflected in Jesús Moncada’s novel The Towpath
Dr. István Majoros István, professor emeritus
2018

Katalin Bodó
A mexikói cristero háború külföldi visszhangja: spanyol, amerikai, vatikáni és magyar diplomáciai reflexiók / The International Echoes of the Mexican Cristero War: US-American, Spanish, Vatican and Hungarian Diplomatic Reflections
Dr. habil. Horváth Gyula
2018

Norbert Falusi
Uralkodó magyar eszmék a változásban: Erdély, 1910-1922 / Dominant Hungarian Theories in a Changing Era: Transylvania, 1910-1922
Dr. Nándor Bárdi
2018

Konstantin Medgyesi
Demokrácia-diskurzus(ok) Magyarországon az 1945 és 1949 közötti időszakban és időszakról / Democracy Discourse(s) in Hungary from and about the Period between 1945 and 1949
Dr. habil. Péter Bencsik
2017

Ferenc Csaba Zeman
Politikai küzdelmek és közéleti mozgalmak Hódmezővásárhelyen a Horthy-korszakban / Political Struggles and Public Movements in Hódmezővásárhely during the Horthy-era
Dr. habil. László Marjanucz
2017

Doctoral students who have passed their complex exams

(Name, title of thesis, supervisor, year of examination)

Dmytro Bondarenko
Monarchist Counter-revolution in Central and Eastern Europe, 1918-1920
Dr. habil. Péter Bencsik and Dr. Beáta Varga
2020

Csaba Bence Mezey
A gerillák ellenszere – a COIN diadala / The Cure for Guerillas – the Victory of COIN
Dr. Gábor Ferenc Kiss
2020

Levente Gábor Szabó
Autoriter rendszerek összehasonlító elemzése: Japán és az európai illiberális rezsimek / A Comparative Analysis of Authoritarian Systems: Japan and illiberal European regimes.
Prof. László Karsai DSc, professor emeritus
2020

Anastas Bezha
The Austro-Hungarian Invasion Zone in Albania during WWI
Dr. habil. Péter László Vukman
2019

Jérémy Floutier
Erdély képe Magyarországon és Romániában az oktatás tükrében a II. világháború végétől a rendszerváltozásig (1945-1990) / The Image of Transylvania in Hungary and Romania as Presented in Education from the End of WWII to the Change in Regime (1945-1990)
Prof. Ágnes Deák
2019

Oszkár Gorcsa
A magyarországi szerb hadifoglyok története a Nagy Háborúban / A History of Serbian POWs during the Great War
Prof. Péter Zakar
2019

Ádám Lengyel
„Hogy mások élhessenek” – Az US Air Force Pararescue története és fejlődése a hidegháború után / “So that others might live” – The Development and History of Pararescue in the US Air Force after the Cold War
Dr. Gábor Ferenc Kiss
2019

Borbála Klacsmann
A holokauszt túlélőinek kártalanítása és kárpótlása Magyarországon, 1945–2012 / Reparations for Holocaust Survivors in Hungary, 1945-2012
Dr. habil. Judit Molnár
2018

Eliza Pap
Az újpesti zsidóság története, 1938–1947 / A History of the Jews of Újpest, 1938-1947
Prof. László Karsai DSc, professor emeritus
2018

Islam Sargi
The University and Kurdish Political Movement in Turkey, 1960-1980
Dr. Melinda Kalmár
2018

Róbert Baracs
Belga-Kongó függetlenné válása 1955-1965 / The Process Leading to the Independence of Belgian Congo
Dr. Péter Ákos Ferwagner
2014

Doctoral students who have completed their study program (obtained absolutorium)

(Name, working title of thesis, supervisor’s name, year of absolutorium)

Veronika Szakál
A magyar közvélemény-kutatás története / History of Hungarian Public Opinion Polls
Prof. Béla Tomka
2018

Students Currently Enrolled in the Program

(Name, working title of thesis, supervisor’s name, year of admission to the doctoral program)

Vanda Bessenyei
A csehszlovák koncepciós perek 1948-tól 1954-ig és az azok révén kialakult kapcsolat a csehszlovák és magyar állambiztonsági szolgálatok között / The Czechoslovak political trials between 1948 and 1954 and the relations formed through them between the Czechoslovak and Hungarian state security services
Dr. Péter Bencsik
2020

Dávid Benjámin
Gyoma és Endrőd társadalmi és népesedési viszonyai a két világháború árnyékában / The social and demographic conditions of Gyoma and Endrőd in the shadow of the two world wars
Dr. Gábor Ferenc Kiss
2020

Máté Domján
Az Egyesült Államok Tengerészgyalogságának kétéltű műveleteinek fejlődése / Evolution of the United States Marine Corps’ amphibious operations
Dr. Gábor Ferenc Kiss
2020

Mirjana Manojlović
Quality of life in Yugoslavia and Hungary 1945-1990: A comparative analysis
Dr. Béla Tomka
2020

Zoltán Csaba Vágfalvi
Vallási felekezetekhez kötődő társadalmi szervezetek politikai szerepének változásai a dualizmus időszakában és a Horthy-korszakban / Changes of the political roles of social organizations related to religious denominations in the Dualistic and the Horthy Era
Dr. Zsolt Giczi
2020

Szandra Kiss
Hősök, sztárok, példaképek. A személyek kultusza a hidegháborús propagandában / Heroes, Stars, Role Models: Personality Cults in Cold War Propaganda
Dr. Melinda Kalmár
2019

Gönder, Hasan
The Professionalism in the Turkish Modernization
Dr. Kalmár Melinda
2019

Dmytro Bondarenko
Monarchist Counter-revolution in Central and Eastern Europe, 1918-1920
Dr. habil. Péter Bencsik and Dr. Beáta Varga
2018

Márk Kormányos
Az Oszmán Birodalom harcai az első világháborúban / The Battles of the Ottoman Empire in the First World War
Dr. habil. Péter Bencsik
2018

Csaba Bence Mezey
A gerillák ellenszere – a COIN diadala / The Cure for Guerillas – the Victory of COIN
Dr. Gábor Ferenc Kiss
2018

Levente Gábor Szabó
Autoriter rendszerek összehasonlító elemzése: Japán és az európai illiberális rezsimek / A Comparative Analysis of Authoritarian Systems: Japan and illiberal European regimes.
Prof. László Karsai DSc, professor emeritus
2018

Jérémy Floutier
Erdély képe Magyarországon és Romániában az oktatás tükrében a II. világháború végétől a rendszerváltozásig (1945-1990) / The Image of Transylvania in Hungary and Romania as Presented in Education from the End of WWII to the Change in Regime (1945-1990)
Prof. Ágnes Deák
2017

Oszkár Gorcsa
A magyarországi szerb hadifoglyok története a Nagy Háborúban / A History of Serbian POWs during the Great War
Prof. Péter Zakar
2017

Ádám Lengyel
„Hogy mások élhessenek” – Az US Air Force Pararescue története és fejlődése a hidegháború után / “So that others might live” – The Development and History of Pararescue in the US Air Force after the Cold War
Dr. Gábor Ferenc Kiss
2017

Anastas Bezha
The Austro-Hungarian Invasion Zone in Albania during WWI
Dr. habil. Péter László Vukman
2017

Borbála Klacsmann
A holokauszt túlélőinek kártalanítása és kárpótlása Magyarországon, 1945–2012 / Reparations for Holocaust Survivors in Hungary, 1945-2012
Dr. habil. Judit Molnár
2016

Eliza Pap
Az újpesti zsidóság története, 1938–1947 / A History of the Jews of Újpest, 1938-1947
Prof. László Karsai DSc, professor emeritus
2016

Islam Sargi
The University and Kurdish Political Movement in Turkey, 1960-1980
Dr. Melinda Kalmár
2016

Veronika Szakál
A magyar közvélemény-kutatás története / History of Hungarian Public Opinion Polls
Prof. Béla Tomka
2015